In RtI, a problem solving method is used to match instructional resources to educational need. The problem solving method is used at all three tiers: for all students (Tier 1), for groups of students (Tier 2), and for individual or small groups of students (Tier 3). Problem solving typically consists of four steps, as shown in the figure below.
Step 1. Identify the Problem
Determine the gap or difference between the expectation and what is actually occurring in terms of student performance. Problems may be defined using school-wide, small group, or individual student data.
Step 2. Analyze the Problem
Use information collected from a variety of sources, such as universal screening, progress monitoring, student work, parents’ input, etc., to determine why the learning and/or behavior problem(s) may be occurring.
Step 3. Develop and Implement a Plan
Step 4. Evaluate the Plan
Collect and use school-wide, small group, and individual student data to determine if the plan is working or if changes are needed.